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about Syracuse

Syracuse is a city located in Onondaga County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 U.S. Census, the city had a total population of 147,306, and its metropolitan area had a population of 732,117. It is the county seat of Onondaga County and the economical and educational hub of Central New York. Its name comes from Syracuse, a city on the eastern coast of Sicily, Italy.

Syracuse geography

Syracuse is located at 43°2'49" North, 76°8'40" West (43.046899, -76.144423).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 66.4 km² (25.6 mi²). 65.0 km² (25.1 mi²) of it is land and 1.4 km² (0.6 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 2.15% water, with the major water body being Onondaga Lake.

The city is Region. The city is generally flat, with only several small hills, with the exception of the University Hill and Eastwood neighborhoods. This flatland is attributed to the Great Lakes basin.

Major parks in the area include Burnet Park on Tipperary Hill, Onondaga Park and Kirk Park (connected) in Strathmore, and Thornden Park between the University Hill and Westcott neighborhoods. Burnet Park is home to the Rosamond Gifford Zoo. Also worth mentioning is Schiller Park in the Near Northeast neighborhood, and Sunnycrest Park in Eastwood.

Syracuse history

The Syracuse area was first A group of Jesuits, soldiers, and couriers du bois (including Pierre Esprit Radisson) set up a mission on the southwest shore of Lake Onondaga at the invitation of the Onondaga Nation, one fifth of the Iroquois condederacy.

The mission was short lived as the Mohawk Nation hinted to the Onondaga that they should sever their ties to the French, or the Ononondaga's guests would suffer some horrible fate. The men in the mission caught wind of this and somehow left under cover of a cold night in March. Their entire stay was less than two years.

After the Revolutionary War, more settlers came to the area, mostly to trade with the Onondaga Nation. Salt was discovered in several swamps in Syracuse, which brought more settlers to the area, and eventually gave the city the nickname "Salt City".

The original settlement went through several name changes until 1824, first being called Webster's Landing (1786), then Bogardus Corners (1796), Milan (1809), South Salina (1812), Cossits’ Corners (1814), and Corinth (1817). The U.S. Postal Service rejected the name Corinth upon its application for a post office, stating there was already a post office by this name in New York. Due to similarities such as a salt industry and a neighboring village named Salina, the name Syracuse was chosen, after Syracuse, Italy.

In 1820, the village of Syracuse was officially incorporated. Five years later, the Erie Canal, which ran through the village, was created. In 1839, Syracuse merged with the nearby Salina to become the city of Syracuse.

Along with the growing salt industry, Syracuse became a hot spot for the growing abolitionist movement. On October 1, 1851, a freed slave known only as "Jerry" was arrested under the Fugitive Slave Law. The anti-slavery Liberty Party was holding its state convention in the city, and when word of the arrest spread, several hundred abolitionists broke into the city jail and freed Jerry. The event came to be known as the Jerry Rescue. During the Civil War, Syracuse was also a stop on the Underground Railroad.

The salt industry declined after the [Civil War, but a new manufacturing industry arose in its place. Throughout the late 1800s and early 1900s, numerous businesses and stores were established, including the Franklin Automobile Company, which produced the first air-cooled engine in the world.

Many of Syracuse's landmark buildings were demolished in the 1950s and 1960s, and several new museums and government buildings were built. Syracuse's population peaked at 221,000 in 1970. In the 1980s, many immigrants from Africa and Central America moved to Syracuse, under the auspices of several religious charities. However, these new Syracusans could not compete with the flow of residents out of Syracuse to either its suburbs or out of state due to job loss.

The manufacturing industry in Syracuse began to falter in the 1970s. Many small businesses went out of business during this time, which contributed to an already increasing unemployment rate. Nevertheless, Syracuse metropolitan area population has remained stable, even growing by three percent since 1970.

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Syracuse, New York".

This city is also known as: Syracuse.

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