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Sitka travel guide — Sitka tourism and travel information

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about Sitka

Sitka City and Borough is a borough located on the west side of Baranof Island in the Alexander Archipelago of the Pacific Ocean, in the U.S. State of Alaska. As of 2000, the population was 8,835. The borough seat is Sitka, the only incorporated place.

The name Sitka, or "Shee Atika" means "people on the outside of Shee." Shee is the Tlingit name for Baranof Island.

The modern Sitka was founded in 1799 by Alexandr Baranov, the governor of Russian America. Sitka was the capital of Russian America, when it was known as Novo-Arkhangelsk (New Archangel, a reference to the largest city in the region where Baranov was born), and is still an important town in that state.

The original site of Sitka was at what is now the Old Harbor. A group of Tlingit destroyed the original town in 1802 and it was rebuilt at the present site afterward. The current Sitka area includes parts of Baranof Island and the small Japonski Island, across the Sitka Channel from Sitka, which is connected to Baranov Island by a bridge. Japonski Island is the home of the Sitka airport and the Sitka branch campus of the University of Alaska.

Bishop Innokentii of the Russian Orthodox Church lived in Sitka after 1840. The Bishop's House has been restored by the National Park Service.

Sitka was the site of the ceremony in which the Russian flag was lowered and the United States flag raised after Alaska was purchased by the United States in 1867. After the guests for the ceremony left, the entire U. S. government presence in Alaska until the Klondike Gold Rush was a single customs inspector in Sitka. Sitka was the capital of the Alaska Territory until 1906, when the capital was moved to Juneau.

The flag lowering and raising event is re-enacted in Sitka every October on Alaska Day.

Sitka geography

Sitka city and is located at 57°4'48" North, 135°19'54" West (57.079871, -135.331757).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough is the largest incorporated area in the U.S, with a total area of 12,461.8 km² (4,811.5 mi²). 7,443.6 km² (2,874.0 mi²) of it is land and 5,018.2 km² (1,937.6 mi²) of it, or 40.27%, is water.

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Sitka, Alaska".

This city is also known as: Sitka.

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