Google
Web City Travel Guide   
 ->   ->   -> 

Rijeka travel guide — Rijeka tourism and travel information

Welcome to Rijeka Travel Guide, extensive source of tourist information and travel services offer related to Rijeka and Croatia. Book cheap hotels, cheap flights and get car rental. We also offer Rijeka travel guide books and maps and atlases. Please visit Croatia travel guide for more travel and tourism iformation and attractions in the Croatia.

our Rijeka travel guide — Rijeka tourism and travel information content

  1. Rijeka travel and tourist guide
  2. Rijeka travel services
  3. Rijeka travel books

latest Rijeka and Croatia discussion posts

Join our comprehensive travel discussion board! Share your Rijeka and Croatia travel experience! Our Ask and Answer forum is geographically divided, the team of editors world-wide is ready to answer your questions.

Rijeka travel guide

search in books:  

Search discount Rijeka travel books in all books. You can also browse and buy directly Rijeka city guide and Croatia travel guide books, Rijeka maps and Croatia maps and atlases.

about Rijeka

Rijeka (Fiume in Italian and Hungarian) is the principal seaport of Croatia, located on the Kvarner Bay, an inlet of the Adriatic Sea. It has 144,043 inhabitants (2001) and it is the third largest city of Croatia.

Rijeka is the center of the Primorje-Gorski Kotar county. The city's economy largely depends on sea transport, shipbuilding (shipyards "3. Maj" and "Viktor Lenac") and tourism.

Rijeka hosts the Croatian National Theatre "Ivan pl. Zajc", first built in 1765, as well as the University of Rijeka, founded in 1632. The local football (soccer) club is called NK Rijeka.

Rijeka history

Founded during or before the time of the Roman Empire, the town came under successive Frankish, Croatian and Hungarian rule before coming under the control of the Austrian Habsburgs during the 15th century.

Created a free port in 1723, Fiume passed during the 18th and 19th centuries between the Habsburgs' Austrian, Croatian, (rijeka=river in Croatian language) and Hungarian possessions until its attachment to the latter kingdom for the third and last time in 1870. Although Croatia had a constitutional autonomy within Hungary, City of Fiume was independent, governed directly from Budapest (by an appointed governor), as Hungary's only international port. There was a competition between Austria's Port of Trieste and Hungary's Port of Fiume.

Major port development, the general expansion of international trade and the city's connection (1873) to the Hungarian and Austrian railway networks contributed to rapid population growth from 21,000 in 1880 to 50,000 in 1910. Lot of major building of the city was built at that time, including the Governor's Palace by the Hungarian architect Alajos Hauszmann. The future major of New York City, Fiorello La Guardia, lived in the city at the turn of the 20th century, and reportedly even played football for the local sports club.

Habsburg-ruled Austria-Hungary's defeat and disintegration in the closing weeks of World War I led to the establishment of rival Italian and Croatian administrations in the city as both Italy and the founders of the new Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later Yugoslavia) claimed sovereignty over it.

After a brief Italian occupation, an international force of French, British and United States troops occupied the city (November 1918) while its future was discussed at the Paris Peace Conference during the course of 1919.

Italy based her claim on the fact that Italians were the largest single nationality within the city, though they remained a minority. Croats made up most of the remainder, and were also a majority in the surrounding area, including the neighbouring town of Sušak. Negotiations were rudely interrupted by the city's seizure on September 12, 1919 by a force of Italian nationalist irregulars led by the writer Gabriele d'Annunzio, who established a state (the "Italian Regency of Carnaro") foreshadowing much of the later Italian Fascist system. This happened just two days after the Treaty of Saint-Germain was signed that declared the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy dissolved.

The resumption of Italy's premiership by the Liberal Giovanni Giolitti in June 1920 signalled a hardening of official attitudes to d'Annunzio's coup. On November 12, Italy and Yugoslavia concluded the Treaty of Rapallo, under which Fiume was to be an independent state under a regime acceptable to both.

D'Annunzio's response was characteristically flamboyant and of doubtful judgment: his declaration of war against Italy invited the bombardment by Italian royal forces which led to his surrender of the city at the end of the year. Italian troops took over in January 1921. The election of an autonomist-led constituent assembly for the territory did not put an end to strife: a brief Italian nationalist seizure of power was ended by the intervention of an Italian royal commissioner, and a short-lived local Fascist takeover in March 1922 ended in a third Italian military occupation. Seven months later Italy herself fell under Fascist rule.

A period of diplomatic acrimony closed with the Treaty of Rome (January 27, 1924), which assigned Fiume to Italy and Sušak to Yugoslavia, with joint port administration. Formal Italian annexation (March 16, 1924) inaugurated twenty years of Fascist rule, followed by twenty months of German military occupation.

The aftermath of World War II saw the city's fate again resolved by a combination of force and diplomacy. This time, Yugoslav troops advanced (early May 1945) as far west as Trieste in their campaign against the German occupiers of both countries: Fiume finally became the Croatian (and until June 1991, Yugoslav) city of Rijeka, a situation formalised by the Paris peace treaty between Italy and the wartime Allies on February 10, 1947.

Near cities to Rijeka


Near webcams to Rijeka


back to top

Rijeka travel services

choose from our international travel services offer:

cheap flights to Rijeka

City Travel Guide is exclusive partner of four main cheap airline tickets and cheap flights online booking systems. We are happy to offer cheap airline tickets Rijeka, cheap flights Rijeka, also available cheap airline tickets to Croatia and to the whole world. Up to date cheap flights Rijeka deals also available.

cheap Rijeka hotels

City Travel Guide is exclusive partner of main cheap hotels and accommodation online booking systems. We are happy to offer cheap hotels in Rijeka, Croatia hotel guide and cheap hotels and accommodation in lot of other world-wide destinations. Up to date cheap Rijeka hotel deals and discount accommodation tips also available.

cheap Rijeka vacations

City Travel Guide is exclusive partner of main cheap vacations online booking systems. We are happy to offer cheap vacations in Rijeka, Croatia vacation rentals and cheap vacations in lot of other destinations world-wide. Up to date Rijeka vacation deals also available.

cheap car rentals in Rijeka

City Travel Guide is exclusive partner of main car rentals online booking systems. We are happy to offer car rentals in Rijeka, car hire in Croatia and cheap car rental in lot other world-wide destinations. Up to date cheap Rijeka car hire deals also available.

Rijeka travel insurance

City Travel Guide is exclusive partner of Essential Travel Ltd., leading online travel insurance company, we can offer you health travel insurance for Rijeka, accident health Rijeka travel insurance, all using our online Rijeka travel insurance form. We also offer travel insurance for other cities in Croatia. This offer is available for UK residents only.

Rijeka real estate

City Travel Guide comes with Rijeka real estate guide with several tips on home valuation, realtors comparison, secrets on finding the "right" home, loans guide and other helpful real estate advices. Our partners also maintain Rijeka property for sale and rental listings, real estate laws and reviews. We will try to help you with buying property in Croatia, choosing real estate agents, property finders, relocation help, and information for English speakers wanting to buy real estate in Rijeka.

back to top

Rijeka travel books

Rijeka travel guide books

search travel guide books:  

Rijeka maps and atlases

search maps and atlases:  
back to top

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Rijeka".

Copyright © 2004 City Travel Guide Team. All rights reserved. | contact us | sitemap | links | XHTML and CSS