Web City Travel Guide   
 ->   ->   -> 

Przemysl travel guide — Przemysl tourism and travel information

Welcome to Przemyśl Travel Guide, extensive source of tourist information and travel services offer related to Przemysl and Poland. Book cheap hotels, cheap flights and get car rental. We also offer Przemysl travel guide books and maps and atlases. Please visit Poland travel guide for more travel and tourism iformation and attractions in the Poland.

our Przemysl travel guide — Przemysl tourism and travel information content

  1. Przemysl travel and tourist guide
  2. Przemysl travel services
  3. Przemysl travel books

latest Przemysl and Poland discussion posts

Join our comprehensive travel discussion board! Share your Przemysl and Poland travel experience! Our Ask and Answer forum is geographically divided, the team of editors world-wide is ready to answer your questions.

Przemysl travel guide

search in books:  

Search discount Przemysl travel books in all books. You can also browse and buy directly Przemysl city guide and Poland travel guide books, Przemysl maps and Poland maps and atlases.

about Przemysl

Przemyśl (pronounce: [ 'pʃεmiɕl]) is a town in south-eastern Poland with 68,900 inhabitants (1995). Since 1999 it is situated in the Subcarpathian Voivodship, previously the town was the capital of Przemyśl Voivodship.

Przemyśl owes its long and rich history to the advantages of its geographic location. The city is the key to the Przemyśl Gate, an area connecting mountainous and lowland regions, with easy communication and fertile soil. It also lies on the navigable San river. Important trade routes passed through Przemyśl and ensured the city's importance.

Przemysl history

The city of Przemyśl appears to have been founded as early as the 8th century. One explanation, possibly legendary, was that the city was founded by a Duke from what would become central Poland, named Przemyśl. The area afterwards became a part of the Great Moravian state. Archeological remains testify to the presence of the Greek Catholic/Greek Orthodox population in the city as early as the 9th century. The Przemyśl area then became a site of contention between Poland, Ruthenia and Hungary at least since the 9th century. The oldest widely-acceped historical mention of Przemyśl comes from 981 and concerns this rivalry.

Between 11th and 12th century the city was a capital of one of the Ruthenian principalities. It became part of the Polish kingdom in the 2nd half of the 13th century. Around this time it obtained Magdeburg law city rights, confirmed in 1389 by king Władysław Jagiełło.

The city prospered as an important trade centre during the Renaissance period. Similarily to the nearby Lwów, the city's population consisted of a great number of nationalities, including Poles, Ruthenians, Jews, Germans, Czechs and Armenians. The prosperity came to an end in the middle of the 17th century, due to wartime destruction during the Deluge and general decline of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at this time. This decline lasted for over a hundred years and only at the end of the 18th century the city's population recovered former levels.

In 1772, as a consequence of the First Partition of Poland, Przemyśl became part of the Austrian empire. In 1861 railway connections from Przemyśl to Kraków and Lwów were built. In the middle of the 19th century, due to the growing conflict between Austria and Russia over the Balkans, the strategic location of Przemyśl near the border with the Russian empire was recognised by Austria. During the Crimean War, when tensions between Russia and Austria were high, the city was turned into a fortified camp, surrounded by a ring of forts 15 km in circumference, containing 30 fortification works.

With the technological progress in artillery during the second half of the 19th century, these fortifications rapidly became obsolete. The longer range of rifled artillery necessitated the construction of larger fortresses with forts designed to resist the newly available guns. To achieve this, between the years 1888 and 1914 Przemyśl was turned into a 1st class fortress, the third largest in Europe out of about 200 that were built in this period. Around the city, in a circle of circumference 45 km, 44 forts of various sizes were built. The older fortifications were modernised to provide the fortress with an internal defence ring. The fortress was designed to accommodate 85 000 soldiers and 956 cannons of all sorts.

In August 1914 at the start of the First World War, the Russian armies defeated the Austro-Hungarian army in the opening engagements and advanced rapidly into Galicia. The Przemyśl fortress fulfilled its mission very effectively, helping to stop a 300 000 men strong Russian army advancing towards the Carpathian Passes, as well as Kraków and Silesia. The first siege was lifted by a temporary Austro-Hungarian advance. However, the Russian army pushed forward again and initiated a second siege of Przemyśl fortress in October, 1914. This time relief attempts were unsuccessful. Due to lack of food and exhaustion of its defenders, the fortress surrendered on March 22, 1915. The Russians captured 126,000 prisoners and 700 big guns. Before surrendering, a complete destruction of all fortifications was carried out.

The Russians did not stay in Przemyśl long. A renewed offensive of the Central Powers recaptured the destroyed fortress on June 3, 1915. During the fighting around Przemyśl, both sides lost up to 115,000 killed, wounded and missing.

In November 1918 Przemyśl became a part of newly independent Poland. In the years 1918-1939 the city's 50,000 population consisted of a mixture of Poles, Ukrainians and Jews.

After the invasion of Poland by Germany and the Soviet Union, the border between these two occupiers run through the middle of the city along the San river until June, 1941. In the post-war territorial settlement, the new border between Poland and the Soviet Union placed Przemyśl in Poland, but just barely. The border now ran only a few kilometers to the east of the city, cutting it off from much of its economic hinterland. Furthermore, due to the murder of Jews in the Nazi Holocaust and the post-war explusion of Ukrainians, the city's population became overwhelmingly Polish.

As a result of all these disasters the growth of the city in the years after 1945 was stunted. Only after 1991, with the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the independence of Ukraine and progress in opening the Polish-Ukrainian border, did the city's prospects improve.

Near cities to Przemysl

Near webcams to Przemysl

back to top

Przemysl travel services

choose from our international travel services offer:

cheap flights to Przemysl

City Travel Guide is exclusive partner of four main cheap airline tickets and cheap flights online booking systems. We are happy to offer cheap airline tickets Przemysl, cheap flights Przemysl, also available cheap airline tickets to Poland and to the whole world. Up to date cheap flights Przemysl deals also available.

cheap Przemysl hotels

City Travel Guide is exclusive partner of main cheap hotels and accommodation online booking systems. We are happy to offer cheap hotels in Przemysl, Poland hotel guide and cheap hotels and accommodation in lot of other world-wide destinations. Up to date cheap Przemysl hotel deals and discount accommodation tips also available.

cheap Przemysl vacations

City Travel Guide is exclusive partner of main cheap vacations online booking systems. We are happy to offer cheap vacations in Przemysl, Poland vacation rentals and cheap vacations in lot of other destinations world-wide. Up to date Przemysl vacation deals also available.

cheap car rentals in Przemysl

City Travel Guide is exclusive partner of main car rentals online booking systems. We are happy to offer car rentals in Przemysl, car hire in Poland and cheap car rental in lot other world-wide destinations. Up to date cheap Przemysl car hire deals also available.

Przemysl travel insurance

City Travel Guide is exclusive partner of Essential Travel Ltd., leading online travel insurance company, we can offer you health travel insurance for Przemysl, accident health Przemysl travel insurance, all using our online Przemysl travel insurance form. We also offer travel insurance for other cities in Poland. This offer is available for UK residents only.

Przemysl real estate

City Travel Guide comes with Przemysl real estate guide with several tips on home valuation, realtors comparison, secrets on finding the "right" home, loans guide and other helpful real estate advices. Our partners also maintain Przemysl property for sale and rental listings, real estate laws and reviews. We will try to help you with buying property in Poland, choosing real estate agents, property finders, relocation help, and information for English speakers wanting to buy real estate in Przemysl.

back to top

Przemysl travel books

Przemysl travel guide books

search travel guide books:  

Przemysl maps and atlases

search maps and atlases:  
back to top

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Przemysl, Poland".

This city is also known as: Przemyśl.

Copyright © 2004 City Travel Guide Team. All rights reserved. | contact us | sitemap | links | XHTML and CSS