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Patna travel guide — Patna tourism and travel information

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about Patna

Patna is the capital of the state of Bihar, in north-eastern India. It was formerly known as Kusumpura, Pushpapura, Pâtaliputra, and Azeemabad. Located on the south bank of the Ganges River, its rapidly increasing population was 917,243 in 1991.

To the Sikhs, Patna is a sacred city, and one of their temples is found there. Also, their tenth and last "human" guru, Guru Gobind Singh, was born in Patna, and the shrine Harmandirji, constructed by Punjab ruler Maharaja Ranjit Singh, consecrates his birthplace.

Patna is known as the hometown of Laloo Yadav, the current national railway minister of India, as well as for khaja (a north Indian delicacy), its cotton mills, and the aquarium in the Sanjay Gandhi zoological park, named after the Indian politician Sanjay Gandhi. The city has a well-known museum displaying stone and bronze sculptures and terracotta figures produced by Hindu and Buddhist artists as well as archaeological finds such as a huge fossilized tree. Other tourist attractions include the Khuda Baksh Oriental library, which has a collection of rare ancient works, and several mosques, including the ancient Begu Hajjam's mosque, built in 1489 by Bengul ruler Alauddin Hussani Shah. The University of Patna opened in 1917.

One of the oldest buildings, constructed by Captain John Garstin during the British regime in 1786, was the Gol Ghar, which means Spherical Building, reflecting its beehive-like shape. It was used as a granary by the English, built in reaction to a famine in 1770. One can get a complete view of Patna from atop the Gol Ghar.

Patna has long been a major agricultural center of trade, its most active exports being medium-grained Patna rice, grain, sugarcane, and sesame.

Patna history

Patna began as Pâtaliputra in the 5th century BC. In the 3rd century BC it became the capital of the Maghada kingdom and the seat of the Indian emperor Ashoka. Following Ashoka's reign the empire disintegrated and the city began to deteriorate, and was not restored until the Mughals began using it as a major center of trade in the 16th century. The British claimed Patna in 1763 during their conquest of the region. In 1912, it became the capital of Orissa Province and Bihâr, and in 1935 it became capital of the entire Bihâr State.

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Patna, India".

This city is also known as: Patna.

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