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Nyiregyhaza 116 200 travel guide — Nyiregyhaza 116 200 tourism and travel information

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Nyíregyháza is a city in North-east Hungary and the county capital of Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg. With a population of 115,000 it counts as a large city and is one of the leading cities of Northern Hungary.

Nyiregyhaza 116 200 history

Nyíregyháza was first mentioned in 1209, although it was called only Nyír (means "birch"). A source from 1326 mentions that the town has a church, hence the 2nd part of the name, "egyház" (meaning "church"). In the middle of the 15th century the town had about 400 inhabitants. In the 16th century, during the Turkish occupation of Hungary Nyíregyháza became deserted, and became inhabited only in the 1630s – 1640s.

After the Revolution led by Prince Rákóczi, the population of the town grew. Most of the new immigrants were from Slovakia. In 1786 Nyíregyháza was granted the right to hold four market days a year, by this time the town was the biggest town of the county with 7,500 inhabitants. In the early 19th century Nyíregyháza was wealthy enough to become free from her feudal lords, the families Dessewffy and Károlyi. During these prosperous years the town got a new town hall, a hospital, several schools and a restaurant by the nearby lake Sóstó ("salty lake").

The inhabitants of the town took an active part in the revolution and war in 1848-49, and after the suppression of the revolution several citizens were imprisoned, among them the mayor, Marton Hatzel.

In the second half of the 19th century Nyíregyháza got more and more urbanized and in 1876 the town became the county capital of Szabolcs county (which is today part of the larger county Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg). In 1858 the railway line reached Nyíregyháza, several new bulidings were built, including a telegraph office, the main post office and the theater. In 1911 the building of tramways was finished.

After the many trials and tribulations of World War I, Nyíregyháza was under Romanian occupation for ten months. Between the two world wars the city celebrated the 100th anniversary of becoming free from her feudal landowners.

During World War II more than 6,000 of the city's Jews inhabitants were deported, and another 2,000 citizens were sent to Russian work camps (malenky robot). Several buildings were destroyed, too.

From the 1960s the city is growing and developing fast. Today, Nyíregyháza is one of the most prosperous cities of Hungary, being both an educational centre and a popular tourist destination.

The mayoress of Nyíregyháza is currently Judit Csabai of MSZP (the Hungarian Socialist Party).

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