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Nesebur travel guide — Nesebur tourism and travel information

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Nesebur travel guide

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about Nesebur

Nessebar (Несебър), previously known as Mesembria and before that as Menebria, is an ancient town on the Black Sea coast of Bulgaria, located in Obshtina Nessebar, Burgas Oblast.

In modern times Nessebar is a major tourist attraction in what has become a popular area with several large resorts — the largest, Sunny Beach, is situated immediately to the north of Nessebar.

Nessebar has on several occasions found itself on the frontier of a threatened empire, and as such it is a town with a rich history. The ancient part of the town is situated on a peninsula connected to the mainland by a man-made isthmus, and it bears evidence of occupation by a variety of different civilisations over the course of its existence. Its abundance of historic buildings prompted UNESCO to inscribe Nessebar on its list of World Heritage Sites in 1983.

Nesebur history

The town has been settled for over 3000 years, and was originally a Thracian settlement known as Menebria. A wall which formed part of the Thracian fortifications can still be colony at the beginning of the 6th century BC, and was an important trading centre from then on. Remains from the Hellenistic period, when the town was known as Mesembria, include the acropolis, a temple of Apollo, and an agora.

The town fell under Roman rule in 71 BC, and continued to enjoy priveleges such as the right to mint its own coinage. It was one of the most important strongholds of the Byzantine Empire from the 5th century AD onwards, and was fought over by Greeks and Bulgarians, being captured in 812 by Khan Krum after a two week seige.

Monuments from the Middle Ages include the 9th century Stara Mitropolia, a basilica without a transept; the 10th century church of the Virgin; and the 11th century Nova Mitropolia, which continued to be embelished until the 18th century. In the 13th and 14th century a remarkable series of chruches were built: St Theodore, St Paraskeva, St Michael and St Gabriel, and St John Aliturgetos.

Capture by the Turks in 1453 marked the start of the town's decline, but its architectural heritage remained, and was enriched from the 19th century by the construction of wooden houses in the Plovdiv style typical of the Bulgarian Black Sea coast during this period.

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Nesebur".

This city is also known as: Nesebur.

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