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Mexico travel guide — Mexico tourism and travel information

Welcome to Mexico Travel Guide, extensive source of tourist information and travel services offer related to Mexico and Mexico. Book cheap hotels, cheap flights and get car rental. We also offer Mexico travel guide books and maps and atlases. Please visit Mexico travel guide for more travel and tourism iformation and attractions in the Mexico.

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about Mexico

The United Mexican States or Mexico (Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos or México; regarding the use of the variant spelling Méjico below) is a country located in North America, bordered to the north by the United States, to the south-east by Guatemala and Belize, to the west by the Pacific Ocean and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. It is the northernmost and third largest country in Latin America.

Mexico geography

Situated in the southwestern part of mainland North America and roughly triangular in shape, Mexico stretches more than 3000 km (1,850 miles) from northwest to southeast. Its width is varied, from more than 2000 km (1,200 miles) in the north and less than 220 km (135 miles) at the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in the south. Mexico borders two major bodies of water, the Pacific Ocean (with the Sea of Cortés between the mainland and the Baja California peninsula) to the west and on the east the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea that lead to the Atlantic Ocean. Here are found coastal plains, whereas central Mexico consists of high plateaus and rugged mountains, including volcanoes, the highest of which is the Pico de Orizaba at 5,610 m.

The terrain and climate vary from deserts in the north to tropical rain forest in the south. Mexico's major rivers include the Río Bravo (known in the US as the Rio Grande), the Río Grijalva, the Río Balsas, the Río Pánuco, and the Río Yaqui.

Mexico history

For almost 3,000 years, Mexico was the site of several advanced Amerindian civilizations, the Mesoamerican cultures, such as the Olmec, the Maya and the Aztecs. The arrival of the Spanish in the early 16th century, and their defeat of the Aztecs in 1521, marked the beginning of the 300 year-long colonial period of Mexico as New Spain.

In September 15, 1810, the independence from Spain was declared, by Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla in the small town of Dolores, causing a long war that eventually led to independence in 1821 and the creation of the First Mexican Empire. After independence, the Central American countries, with the exception of Chiapas, decided not to join the Empire of Iturbide. After the Empire fell to republican forces lead by Antonio López de Santa Anna, the first Republic was formed with Guadalupe Victoria as its first President. In 1833 Santa Anna became president of Mexico and allowed American ranchers to settle in Texas. These ranchers sought independence from the Mexican government to form the Republic of Texas which lead to the famous battle at the Alamo between the Mexican army and American immigrants. Texas obtained independence in 1836 which further reduced the territorial area of the fledgling Republic. In the 1840s, the country was invaded by the United States which resulted in massive territorial losses, including Alta California, Arizona, Nevada, Utah and New Mexico. In the 1860s the country again suffered a military occupation, this time by France Archduke Ferdinand Maximillian of Austria as Emperor of Mexico, with support from the Catholic clergy and conservative Creoles. This Second Mexican Empire was fought off by then president of the Republic, the Zapotec Indian Benito Juárez, with diplomatic and logistical support from the United States and the military savvy of General Porfirio Díaz, also of part Amerindian heritage. General Ignacio Zaragoza defeated the French Army (the most powerful of the world at the time) on a May 5th (or Cinco de Mayo, in Spanish) but lost the war, and Napoleon, Emperor of France, imposed Maximillian as Emperor of Mexico from 1864 to 1867.

After Juárez's death, 30 years of undemocratic rule by that same Porfirio Díaz led to the Mexican Revolution in 1910. Revolutionary forces defeated the federal army, but were left with internal struggles, leaving the country in conflict for two more decades. At the end of the revolution the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) controlled the country until the end of the 20th century, where the PRI's 70-year rule was terminated via a peaceful election.

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cheap flights to Mexico

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City Travel Guide is exclusive partner of Essential Travel Ltd., leading online travel insurance company, we can offer you health travel insurance for Mexico, accident health Mexico travel insurance, all using our online Mexico travel insurance form. We also offer travel insurance for other cities in Mexico. This offer is available for UK residents only.

Mexico real estate

City Travel Guide comes with Mexico real estate guide with several tips on home valuation, realtors comparison, secrets on finding the "right" home, loans guide and other helpful real estate advices. Our partners also maintain Mexico property for sale and rental listings, real estate laws and reviews. We will try to help you with buying property in Mexico, choosing real estate agents, property finders, relocation help, and information for English speakers wanting to buy real estate in Mexico.

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Mexico travel books

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Mexico".

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