Web City Travel Guide   
 ->   ->   -> 

Lublin travel guide — Lublin tourism and travel information

Welcome to Lublin Travel Guide, extensive source of tourist information and travel services offer related to Lublin and Poland. Book cheap hotels, cheap flights and get car rental. We also offer Lublin travel guide books and maps and atlases. Please visit Poland travel guide for more travel and tourism iformation and attractions in the Poland.

our Lublin travel guide — Lublin tourism and travel information content

  1. Lublin travel and tourist guide
  2. Lublin travel services
  3. Lublin travel books

latest Lublin and Poland discussion posts

Join our comprehensive travel discussion board! Share your Lublin and Poland travel experience! Our Ask and Answer forum is geographically divided, the team of editors world-wide is ready to answer your questions.

Lublin travel guide

search in books:  

Search discount Lublin travel books in all books. You can also browse and buy directly Lublin city guide and Poland travel guide books, Lublin maps and Poland maps and atlases.

about Lublin

Lublin (pronounce: [:lublin]) is the biggest city in eastern Poland and the capital of Lublin Voivodship with a population of 361,400 (2001).

Lublin history

The first permanent settlement on the site of Lublin was located in the present suburbs of Czwartek and Dziesiata between the 6th century and 7th century. In the 10th century and 11th century the Czwartek settlement developed into an important trade centre. In the 12th century a fortified settlement was established, to protect Polish lands from eastern invasions. It was at that time that the name Lublin first began to be used.

The city was a target of attacks by Tatars, Ruthenes, Yotvingians and Lithuanians and was destroyed a number of times. It received a city charter in 1317. Casimir the Great, appreciating the strategic importance of the site, built a masonry castle in 1341 and encircled the city with defensive walls.

In 1392 the city received an important trade privilege from Wladislaw Jagiello, and with the coming of the peace between Poland and Lithuania developed into a great trade centre carrying a large portion of commerce between the two countries. In 1474 the area around Lublin was combined to form the Lublin Voivodship. In the 15th century and 16th century the town grew rapidly. In Lublin the biggest trade fairs of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth were held. During the 16th century the noble parliaments (sejm) were held in Lublin a number of times. On June 26, 1569, one of them proclaimed the Polish-Lithuanian Union (Lublin Union).

Some of the artists and writers of the Polish renaissance lived and worked in Lublin, including Sebastian Klonowic and Jan Kochanowski, who died in the city in 1584. In 1578 the Crown Tribunal was established in the city, this being the highest court of the Lesser Poland (Małopolska) region.

Since the second half of the 16th century Reformation movements developed in Lublin, and a large congregation of Polish Brethren was present in the city. One of Poland's most important Jewish communities was also established in Lublin around this time. It continued to be a vital part of the city's life until the community ceased to exist during the Nazi Holocaust. Between 1580 and 1764 the Jewish Council of Four Lands Arba Aracot (Sejm of 4 countries) was held in Lublin. 70 delegates of Jewish local kahals met to discuss issue of taxations and other important for Jewish communities issues.

In the 17th century, the town suffered a decline due to the Swedish invasion during the Northern Wars. After the Third of the Partitions of Poland in 1795 Lublin was located in Austrian Empire, then since 1809 in the Duchy of Warsaw, and then since 1815 in the Congress Poland under Russian rule. At the beginning of the 19th century a number of modern urban developments took place, with new squares, streets, and public buildings coming into existence. In 1877 a railway connection to Warsaw and Kovel was built, which spurred industrial development in the city. Lublin's population grew from 28,900 in 1873 to 50,150 in 1897.

The Russian rule ended in 1915, when the city was occupied by German and Austro-Hungarian armies. After the defeat of the Central Powers in 1918, the first government of independent Poland operated in Lublin for a short time. In the interwar years, the city continued to develop, its population grew, and important industrial enterprises were established, including the first aviation factory in Poland. The Catholic University of Lublin was founded in 1918. The city contained a vibrant Jewish community which formed around 40% of Lublin's population.

After the 1939 German invasion of Poland the city was occupied by the Germans. It served as a German headquarters for Operation Reinhard. A large concentration camp Majdanek was established on the outskirts of the city. The Jewish population of the city was forced into the Lublin ghetto established around the area of Podzamcze. Most Jews were then murdered in Bełżec death camp in 1942.

In 1944 the city was "liberated" (this definition is open to interpretation) by the Soviet Army and became the first postwar Polish capital, with a Soviet-sponsored Polish Committee of National Liberation (PKWN in Polish) established in the city. The capital was moved to Warsaw once that city was liberated in January, 1945. In the postwar years Lublin continued to grow, tripling its population and greatly expanding in area. A considerable scientific and research base was established around the newly founded Maria Curie-Sklodowska University. A large automobile factory was established in the city.

In July, 1980, the workers of Lublin and nearby Swidnik began the first in the wave of mass strikes aimed against the Communist regime, which eventually led to the emergence of the Solidarity movement. The first strike began on July 8 in the WSK factory in Swidnik. It then quickly spread to other factories in Lublin and the surrounding region. The railroad network and city transit came to a standstill. Ultimately 150 factories employing 50,000 workers joined the strike. The strikers used a novel tactic of staying inside their factories and occupying them, instead of marching in the streets where the authorities would have found it easy to use force against them. The workers made demands for their economic situation to be improved. They also made political demands, such as: new elections for the leadership of the trade unions, liquidation of privilleges for the Communist party governing class, and the reduction of the bureaucracy in the factories.

The July strikes lasted two weeks. The Communist authorities eventually managed to bring them to an end peacefully, mainly by granting economic concessions to the workers. However, the momentum generated by the Lublin strikes quickly gave rise to a new wave of strikes in the Gdansk region in August, 1980. The workers there used similar tactics as the Lublin workers used a month before, and this time the Communist authorities had to agree to the stikers' demand to set up an independent trade union, which soon became the Solidarity.

Near cities to Lublin

Near webcams to Lublin

back to top

Lublin travel services

choose from our international travel services offer:

cheap flights to Lublin

City Travel Guide is exclusive partner of four main cheap airline tickets and cheap flights online booking systems. We are happy to offer cheap airline tickets Lublin, cheap flights Lublin, also available cheap airline tickets to Poland and to the whole world. Up to date cheap flights Lublin deals also available.

cheap Lublin hotels

City Travel Guide is exclusive partner of main cheap hotels and accommodation online booking systems. We are happy to offer cheap hotels in Lublin, Poland hotel guide and cheap hotels and accommodation in lot of other world-wide destinations. Up to date cheap Lublin hotel deals and discount accommodation tips also available.

cheap Lublin vacations

City Travel Guide is exclusive partner of main cheap vacations online booking systems. We are happy to offer cheap vacations in Lublin, Poland vacation rentals and cheap vacations in lot of other destinations world-wide. Up to date Lublin vacation deals also available.

cheap car rentals in Lublin

City Travel Guide is exclusive partner of main car rentals online booking systems. We are happy to offer car rentals in Lublin, car hire in Poland and cheap car rental in lot other world-wide destinations. Up to date cheap Lublin car hire deals also available.

Lublin travel insurance

City Travel Guide is exclusive partner of Essential Travel Ltd., leading online travel insurance company, we can offer you health travel insurance for Lublin, accident health Lublin travel insurance, all using our online Lublin travel insurance form. We also offer travel insurance for other cities in Poland. This offer is available for UK residents only.

Lublin real estate

City Travel Guide comes with Lublin real estate guide with several tips on home valuation, realtors comparison, secrets on finding the "right" home, loans guide and other helpful real estate advices. Our partners also maintain Lublin property for sale and rental listings, real estate laws and reviews. We will try to help you with buying property in Poland, choosing real estate agents, property finders, relocation help, and information for English speakers wanting to buy real estate in Lublin.

back to top

Lublin travel books

Lublin travel guide books

search travel guide books:  

Lublin maps and atlases

search maps and atlases:  
back to top

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Lublin".

Copyright © 2004 City Travel Guide Team. All rights reserved. | contact us | sitemap | links | XHTML and CSS