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Lisboa travel guide — Lisboa tourism and travel information

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Lisboa travel guide

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about Lisboa

Lisbon (in Portuguese, Lisboa) is the capital and largest city of Portugal. It is the seat of the district of Lisbon.

Lisboa geography

Lisbon is located in the west of the country, on the Atlantic coast at the point where the river Tagus (Portuguese Tejo) flows into the ocean. The city occupies an area of 84.6 km2. The city comprises 53 freguesias.

The city is connected to the far side of the Tagus by two bridges:

Lisboa history

According to varying reports, the city was founded either by Phoenecians or Greeks. The Greeks knew it as "Olissipo", derived from Ulysses; over time, this became "Olissipona", "Lissapona" and finally the modern Portuguese "Lisboa".

The city was part of Roman Lusitania (although not the capital), was taken by Moors in the Eighth Century (approximately 711), was reconquered 1147 by Don Afonso Henriques, first king of Portugal (with the help of crusader Gilbert of Hastings, who became the first Bishop of Lisbon), and has been the capital of Portugal since 1260.

The University of Lisbon was founded in 1290.

Lisbon reached its peak of prosperity during the period of the Portuguese Empire in the 16th century.

On 26 January 1531 the city was hit by an earthquake which killed thousands.

On 1 November 1755 Lisbon was destroyed by another earthquake, the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, which killed 90,000 and destroyed eighty-five percent of the city ( Voltaire wrote a long poem, "Poeme sur le desastre de Lisbonne", shortly afterwards, and mentioned the earthquake in his 1759 novel Candide (indeed, many argue that this critique of optimism was inspired by that earthquake). Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. also mentions it in his 1857 poem, The Deacon's Masterpiece, or The Wonderful One-Hoss Shay.

After the 1755 earthquake, the city was rebuilt largely according to the plans of the Marquês de Pombal; hence the designation of the lower town as Baixa Pombalina.

Lisbon was the center of a republican revolt October 4-5,1910 and the Carnation Revolution of April 25, 1974, which overthrew Antonio Salazar's handpicked successor Marcelo Caetano.

Expo '98 was held in Lisbon. The timing was intended to commemmorate the 500th anniversary of Vasco da Gama's sea voyage to India.

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cheap flights to Lisboa

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Lisboa travel insurance

City Travel Guide is exclusive partner of Essential Travel Ltd., leading online travel insurance company, we can offer you health travel insurance for Lisboa, accident health Lisboa travel insurance, all using our online Lisboa travel insurance form. We also offer travel insurance for other cities in Portugal. This offer is available for UK residents only.

Lisboa real estate

City Travel Guide comes with Lisboa real estate guide with several tips on home valuation, realtors comparison, secrets on finding the "right" home, loans guide and other helpful real estate advices. Our partners also maintain Lisboa property for sale and rental listings, real estate laws and reviews. We will try to help you with buying property in Portugal, choosing real estate agents, property finders, relocation help, and information for English speakers wanting to buy real estate in Lisboa.

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Lisboa".

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