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Karur travel guide — Karur tourism and travel information

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about Karur

Karur, one of the ancient cities in Tamil Nadu, was ruled by the Cheras, Cholas, the Naickers and the British successively. There is proof that Karur may have been the centre for old jewellery-making and gem setting (with the gold imported mainly from Rome), as mythology, Brahma began the work of creation here, which is referred to as the "place of the sacred cow."

Karur District, with headquarters at Karur, is the most centrally located district of Tamil Nadu. Its about 371 kms South West of Chennai(Madras), the capital of Tamil Nadu. Karur has a very long history and has been sung by various sangam poets. In history, it has been the battleground of various Tamil Kings like Chera, Chola, Pandya and Pallavas because of strategic location. The district has a very rich and varied cultural heritage. The district is made fertile by the perenial flows of Cauvery on the northern side and Amaravathy, Nanganjiyar and Noyyal rivers. Its economy is mainly agrarian. Presently, the district is famous world-wide for its handloom products.

Karur district is bounded by Namakkal District in the north, Dindigul District in the south, Tiruchirapalli District on the west and Erode District on the east.

Karur history

Karur is one of the oldest towns in Tamil Nadu and has played a very significant role in the glorious history and culture of the Tamils. Its history dates back to centuries before Christ and has been a flourishing trading centre even in the early Sangam days. Epigraphical, numismatic, Archaeological and literary evidences have proved beyond doubt that Karur was the capital of early Chera Kings of Sangam age. It was called Karuvoor or Vanji during Sangam days. There has been a plethora of rare findings during the archaeological excavations undertaken in Karur. These include mat-designed pottery, bricks, mud-toys, Roman coins, Chera Coins, Pallava Coins, Roman Amphorae, Rasset coated ware, rare rings etc. Karur has been built on the banks of river Amaravathi which was called Aanporunai during the Sangam days. The names of the early Chera kings who ruled from Karur, have been found in the rock inscriptions in Aru Nattar Malai close to Karur. The Tamil epic Silapathikaram mentions that the famous Chera King Cheran Senguttuvan ruled from Karur. The Greek scholar Ptolemy in A.D. 150 has mentioned about “Korevora” (Karur) as a very famous inland trading centre in TamilNadu. After the early Cheras, Karur was conquered and ruled by Pandyas followed by Pallavas and later Cholas. Karur was under the rule of Cholas for a long time. Later the Naickers followed by Tippu Sultan also ruled Karur. The British added Karur to their possessions after destroying the Karur Fort during their war against Tippu Sultan in 1783. There is a memorial at Rayanur near Karur for the warriors who lost their lives in the fight against the British in the Anglo-Mysore was. Thereafter Karur became part of British India and was first part of Coimbatore District and later Tiruchirappalli District.

Karur is also a part of Kongunadu. The history of Kongunadu dates back to the 8th century AD. The name Kongunadu originated from the term "Kongu", meaning nectar or honey. Kongu came to be called as Kongunadu with the growth of civilization. The ancient Kongunadu country was made up of various districts and taluks which are currently known as Palani, Dharapuram, Karur, Nammakkal, Thiruchengodu, Erode, Salem, Dharmapuri, Satyamangalam, Nilgiris, Avinashi, Coimbatore, Pollachi and Udumalpet. Kongunadu was blessed with enormous wealth, a pleasant climate and distinct features. Kongunadu was ruled over by The Chera, Chola, Pandya, Hoysala, Muslim rulers and finally the British.

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Karur".

This city is also known as: Karur.

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