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Juneau travel guide — Juneau tourism and travel information

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about Juneau

Juneau City and Borough is a borough located on the Gastineau Channel in the Alexander Archipelago in the U.S. State of Alaska. As of 2000 the population is 30,711. The borough seat is the city of Juneau. Juneau is the only incorporated place, because the city and borough boundaries coincide. Juneau is the only state capital in the US which has no roads leading to it. The only way to get there is with a boat or plane.

Juneau is the capital city of Alaska and is located in the Alaskan Panhandle. The State Legislature meets in the Territorial Building.

There are several glaciers near hiking trails (including the Mendenhall Glacier), one bridge to Douglas Island, an airport, and dead-end roads. A car brought to Juneau must be put on a barge or ferry first.

The Auke and Taku people have lived here for thousands of years. They are Tlingit, with rich artistic traditions including carving, weaving, orating, singing and dancing. After gold was found, a mining camp sprung up. The town was organized in 1881. By the turn of the century, the placer miners had wandered on, but large underground mines were being developed. Juneau was a gritty mining town up through the 1940s. The mines shut down during World War II under wartime orders, as they were not considered essential.

After the completion of the Alaska Pipeline (to take petroleum from the Arctic shore to the Pacific coast), Juneau grew with the growth of state government.

Named by miner Joseph Juneau.

Juneau geography

Juneau is located at 58°21'5" North, 134°30'42" West (58.351422, -134.511579).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 8,430.4 km² (3,255.0 mi²). 7,036.1 km² (2,716.7 mi²) of it is land and 1,394.3 km² (538.3 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 16.54% water.

Also shares eastern border with British Columbia, Canada.

Juneau history

From before the time of European settlement in the Americas, the Gastineau Channel was a favorite fishing ground for local Tlingit but they had no permanent settlement there.

In 1880, Sitka mining engineer George Pilz offered a reward to any local chief who could lead him to gold-bearing ore. Chief Kowee arrived with some ore and prospectors were sent to investigate. On their first trip, to Gold Creek, they found little of interest. However, at Chief Kowee's urging, Pilz sent Joe Juneau and Richard Harris back to the Gastineau Channel. This time they went to Snow Slide Gulch, the head of Gold Creek, and found nuggets "as large as peas and beans," in the words of Harris. On October 18, 1880, the two men marked a 160-acre town site where soon a mining camp appeared. Within a year the camp became a small town, the first to be founded after Alaska's purchase by the United States.

At the beginning, the town was called Harrisburg after Richard Harris. Later it was called Rockwell. In 1881 the miners met and renamed the town Juneau, after Joe Juneau. In 1906, after the decline whaling and fur trade, Sitka, the capital of Alaska, declined in importance and the the capital was moved to Juneau.

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Juneau, Alaska".

This city is also known as: Juneau.

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