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Iasi travel guide — Iasi tourism and travel information

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about Iasi

Iaşi (also known as Jassy) is a city and a county in north-eastern Romania, in the historic region of Moldavia.

The city of Iaşi lies on the Bahlui river, a tributary of the Prut river.

Iaşi was first mentioned in a 1408 document by Prince (Voivode) Alexandru cel Bun (Alexander the Kind).

The surrounding country is one of uplands and woods, among which rise the monasteries of Cetatuia, Frumoasa, and Galata with its mineral springs, the water-cure establishment of Rapide and the great seminary of Socola. Jassy itself stands pleasantly amid vineyards and gardens, partly on two hills, partly in the hollow between. Its primitive houses of timber and plaster were mostly swept away after 1860, when brick or stone came into general use, and good streets were cut among the network of narrow, insanitary lanes.

Iasi history

The inscription by which the existence of a Jassiorum municipium in the time of the Roman Empire is sought to be proved, lies open to grave suspicion; but the city is mentioned as early as the 14th century, and probably does derive its name from the Jassians, or Jazygians, who accompanied the Cumanian invaders. It was often visited by the Moldavian court. About 1564, Prince Alexander Lapusneanu, after whom one of the chief streets is named, chose Jassy for the Moldavian capital, instead of Suceava of Bukowina. It was already famous as a centre of culture.

Between 1561 and 1563 an excellent school and a Lutheran church were founded by the Greek adventurer, Jacob Basilicus. In 1643 the first printed book published in Moldavia was issued from a press established by Vasile Lupu. He also founded a school, the first in which the mother-tongue took the place of Greek. Jassy was burned by the Tatars in 1513, by the Turks in 1538, and by the Russians in 1686.

By the Peace of Jassy the second Russo-Turkish War was brought to a close in 1792. A Greek insurrection under Alexander Ypsilanti in 1821 led to the storming of the city by the Turks in 1822. In 1844 there was a severe conflagration.

For the loss caused to the city in 1861 by the removal of the seat of government to Bucharest the constituent assembly voted 148,150 to be paid in ten annual instalments, but no payment was ever made.

Iaşi is home to the oldest Romanian university, opened by Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza in 1860. Nowadays the city hosts five universities. Iaşi is widely regarded as the cultural "heart" of the "Old Kingdom" (that is Moldavia and Wallachia, the basis of the first Romanian state).

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Iasi".

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