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about Gettysburg

Gettysburg is a borough located in Adams County, Pennsylvania, USA, of which it is the county seat. As of the 2000 census, the borough had a total population of 7,490.

The Borough of Gettysburg was founded in 1786. It is the county seat of Adams County, which was formed in 1800 from the western section of York County. Gettysburg sits in the shadow of South Mountain, eight miles west of the town, and is framed by Marsh Creek to the west/southwest and Rock Creek to the east/southeast. In 1830, Gettysburg had a population of 1,473. By 1840 it had grown to 1,908, and in 1860 roughly 2,400 people resided in the town. Many rich farms surrounded the town, and various industries thrived. An early history of Adams County stated: "The inhabitants are industrious and enterprising, many of whom are devoted to mechanical pursuits, and partucularly to the manufacture of carriages of every description, a branch of business which has been commenced here since 1817." ---"The History and Topography of Dauphin, Cumberland, Franklin, Bedford, Adams, and Perry Counties" (Lancaster City, PA: Gilbert Hills, 1846), p. 527.

Gettysburg was also known for its institutions of higher learning, namely the Lutheran Theological Seminary, founded in 1825; and Pennsylvania College (now Gettysburg College), which began operating in 1827.

Many roads radiate from Gettysburg, providing hub-like access to Baltimore (52 miles), Harrisburg (38 miles), Carlisle (30 miles), Frederick and Hagerstown, Maryland (25 and 30 miles, respectively), and Washington, D.C. (60 miles). Today the town is a 2 1/2 hour drive from Philadelphia via the Pennsylvania Turnpike and Business Route 15.

Gettysburg geography

Gettysburg is located at 39°49'45" North, 77°14'3" West (39.829290, -77.234218).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 4.3 km² (1.6 mi²). 4.2 km² (1.6 mi²) of it is land and none of the area is covered with water.

Gettysburg history

During the American Civil War (1861-65), Company K, 1st Pennsylvania Reserves, was made up of men from Gettysburg. These men would be present in the Army of the Potomac during the Battle of Gettysburg, July 1-3, 1863. As nearly 160,000 soldiers descended on the small village, the battle raged all around and through the town. A description of the terrain on which the battle was fought is in Gettysburg Battlefield. On July 1 the Theological Seminary was the scene of much heavy fighting, and the Seminary buildings--as well as those of Pennsylvania College and most other public and many private buildings--were used as hospitals. President Abraham Lincoln visited the town in November 1863 to attend the dedication ceremony of the Soldiers' National Cemetery, where he gave his Gettysburg Address.

In the summer of 1913, the 50th anniversary of the battle, veterans held a massive reunion of the Blue and Gray in Gettysburg.

During the First World War (1914-1918), Gettysburg was the site of Camp Colt, a tank-training camp. The camp's commander was a young captain, Dwight D. Eisenhower. Eisenhower was taken by the bucolic beauty; when he retired from the presidency, he purchased and retired to the John Biesecker farm, just west of the Confederate positions on Seminary Ridge.

The year 1938 saw the final reunion of the Blue and Gray to celebrate the 75th anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg.

Today, Gettysburg is still a thriving farm community, and Gettysburg College is one of the nation's excellent private educational institutions. Numerous orchards surround the town, which holds an annual Apple Blossom Festival each fall. Gettysburg's prime industry is tourism, as nearly 2 million visitors arrive each year to visit Gettysburg National Military Park and Eisenhower National Historic Site, both maintained and operated by the National Park Service.

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Gettysburg, Pennsylvania".

This city is also known as: Gettysburg.

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