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Edirne travel guide — Edirne tourism and travel information

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Edirne travel guide

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about Edirne

Edirne is a city in (Thrace), the westernmost part of Turkey, close to the borders with Greece and Bulgaria. Variations on the name of the city, founded as Hadrianopolis, include Adrianople, Edreneh, and Odrin. Conquered by the Ottoman Empire in 1362, the city served as the Ottoman capital from 1365 until 1453. Edirne is the capital of Edirne Province and its estimated population in 2002 was 128,400. The Selimiye Mosque, built by Sultan Selim II in 1575 and designed by Ottoman master architect Sinan, has the highest minarets in Turkey, at 70.9 meters.


The following text is taken from the 1911 Encyclopedia :

Edirne is 137 km by rail W.N.W. of Istanbul.

Edirne ranks, after Constantinople, second in size and importance among the cities of European Turkey. It is the seat of a Greek archbishop, and of one Armenian and two Bulgarian bishops. It is the chief fortress near the Bulgarian frontier, being defended by a ring of powerful modern forts. It occupies both banks of the river Tunca, at its confluence with the Maritza (Turkish: Meriç), which is navigable to this point in spring and winter. The nearest seaport by rail is Dedeagatch, west of the Maritza; Enos, at the river-mouth, is the nearest by water. Edirne is on the railway from Belgrade and Sofia to Istanbul.

Edirne historically has been the commercial headquarters of all Thrace, and of a large portion of the region between the Balkana and the Danube, now Bulgaria.

Edirne was originally known as Uskadama, Uskudama or Uskodama, but was renamed and enlarged by the Roman emperor Hadrian (117-138). In 378 the Romans were here defeated by the Goths. Edirne was the residence of the Turkish sultans from 1361, when it was captured by Murad I., until 1453, when Constantinople fell. It was occupied by the Russians in 1829 and 1878.

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cheap flights to Edirne

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Edirne real estate

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Edirne".

This city is also known as: Edirne.

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