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Duisburg travel guide — Duisburg tourism and travel information

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Duisburg travel guide

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about Duisburg

Duisburg is a german City in the western part of the Ruhr Area (known as the Ruhrgebiet) in North Rhine-Westphalia. It is a district-free city in the Düsseldorf Region. The harbour of Duisburg is the largest inland port in the world. Duisburg has a University with merged in 2003 with the University of Essen.

The current City borders are the result of multiple reforms in which some surrounding Cities were incorporated. At the beginning of the 20th certury Duisburg reached the 100.000 resident limit. Today Duisburg is the 11th biggest City in Germay with currently 505.000 residents. The city is also well-known for coal mining and steel industry. The whole steel producing area with 230 square kilometers the biggest in the world. Six of the seven blast furnaces of the Ruhr Area are located in Duisburg. 49% of all hot metal and 34.4% of all crude steel in Germany are produced here (status 2000).

Duisburg geography

Duisburg is located at the outskirts of the Bergisches Land at the confluence of the Rhine and Ruhr rivers. The City spreads along both sides of these rivers.

Adjected Cities

Following Cities are adjected to Duisburg (clockwise starting in the Northeast):

Oberhausen, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Ratingen, Düsseldorf, Krefeld, Moers, Rheinberg and Dinslaken

Duisburg history

Past Roman time

Lastest archeaological studies show that the market was already used in the 1st Century AD. The "Old Market" was the major central trading place of the City since the 5th Century. The City itself was located at the "Hellweg", an importand tradeway, and a ford over the river Rhine. The Romans had a permanent presence at the ford.

Due to the advantageous geographic position the City became a palatinate and a free City. Duisburg was also part of the Hanseatic League. After 1200 the river moved its bed. The borough of Ruhrort was founded in order to establish a new harbour on the mouth of the Ruhr river. This changed the development of the City Duisburg, it became a peasant city instead of a merchant city. The work of Cartographer Gerardus Mercator and the founding of the University in 1655 recognitioned the City as "Educated Duisburg" ("Duisburgum Doctum").

The rise of the tobacco- and textilesmanufactures in the 18th Century lead to a development which continued with the Industrialization and made Duisburg a Industry Center. Big industrial Companys (Thyssen, Krupp) affected the development of the City. Whole parts of the City were constructed for the workers around the producing areas.

As a major logistical Center of the Ruhr area and an important location for chemical, steel and iron industry Duisburg quickly became a primary target for Allied Bombers. Not only the Industrial Areas but also the residental Areas were bombed. As entry lane to the Ruhr Area there were alerts on a daily dasis since 1943

Post War Time

A total of 299 bombingruns on Duisburg had destoryed the historical cityscape almost completly. 80% of the residential buildings were destroyed or heavily damaged. Almost the whole City had to be rebuild, most historical Landmarks were lost.

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Duisburg".

This city is also known as: Duisburg.

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