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Copenhagen travel guide — Copenhagen tourism and travel information

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Copenhagen travel guide

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about Copenhagen

Copenhagen (København in Danish) is the capital of Denmark. The contemporary Danish name for the city is a corruption of the original designation for the city Købmandshavn, meaning Merchants' Harbour. The English name Copenhagen is derived from the German name of the city, Kopenhagen. Copenhagen is home to the national parliament, government, and monarchy, which are all situated in the heart of the city. The first fort that later became the city was founded in 1167.

Copenhagen geography

Copenhagen is located on the eastern shore of the island of Zealand (Sjælland) and partly on the island of Amager. Copenhagen faces the Øresund, the strait of water that seperates Denmark from Sweden and connects the North Sea with the Baltic Sea. Copenhagen is across from the Swedish towns of Malmö and Landskrona.

1,116,979 people live in Metropolitan Copenhagen (Storkøbenhavn), of which 502,204 live in the Municipality of Copenhagen, 91,721 in the Municipality of Frederiksberg, 68,704 in the Municipality of Gentofte and another 454,350 in nearby municipalities. An even larger Metropolitan region is known as Hovedstadsregionen, consists of the Municipalities of Copenhagen and Frederiksberg and the counties of Copenhagen, Frederiksborg and Roskilde. The population is 1,823,109. Copenhagen is also a part of the Øresund region, consisting of Eastern Zealand and Western Scania (in Sweden), and has a population of 2.8 million people.

Copenhagen history

Copenhagen was founded around year 1000 by Sweyn I Forkbeard (Svend Tveskæg) and his son Canute the Great (Knud den Store). It was only a fishing village until the middle of the 12th century when it grew in importance after coming into the possession of Bishop Absalon, who fortified it in 1167. The excellent harbour encouraged Copenhagen's growth until it became an important centre of commerce (hence its name). It was repeatedly attacked by the Hanseatic League. 1658-59 it withstood a severe siege by the Swedes under Charles X. In 1801 a British fleet under Horatio Nelson fought a major battle, the Battle of Copenhagen, with the Danish navy in Copenhagen harbour. When British naval vessels bombarded Copenhagen in 1807, to prevent Denmark from surrendering its fleet to Napoleon, the city suffered great damage and hundreds of people were killed. During World War II Copenhagen was occupied by German troops as the rest of the country from April 1940 until May 1945. The city has grown greatly since the war.

Since the summer 2000, the cities of Copenhagen and Malmö have been connected by a toll bridge/tunnel (Oresund Bridge), which allows both rail and road passengers to cross. It was inaugurated in July 2000 by King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden and Queen Margrethe II of Denmark. As a result, Copenhagen has become the center of a larger metropolitan area which spans both nations. The construction of the bridge has led to a large number of changes to the public transportation system and the extensive redevelopment of Amager, south of the main city. However, the bridge has not been as widely used as was originally hoped, likely due to the high tolls, slowing the planned integration of the region. Another hindrance to the integration of the region is the lack of a commonly acceptable currency throughout the area. It is still difficult to pay with either nation's currency in the other country.

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cheap flights to Copenhagen

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Copenhagen travel insurance

City Travel Guide is exclusive partner of Essential Travel Ltd., leading online travel insurance company, we can offer you health travel insurance for Copenhagen, accident health Copenhagen travel insurance, all using our online Copenhagen travel insurance form. We also offer travel insurance for other cities in Denmark. This offer is available for UK residents only.

Copenhagen real estate

City Travel Guide comes with Copenhagen real estate guide with several tips on home valuation, realtors comparison, secrets on finding the "right" home, loans guide and other helpful real estate advices. Our partners also maintain Copenhagen property for sale and rental listings, real estate laws and reviews. We will try to help you with buying property in Denmark, choosing real estate agents, property finders, relocation help, and information for English speakers wanting to buy real estate in Copenhagen.

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Copenhagen".




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