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about Cleveland

The city of Cleveland is the county seat of Cuyahoga County in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2000 census, the city proper had a total population of 478,403. Greater Cleveland, however, including the entire metropolitan area and suburbs, has as many as 2,900,000 people - if the Akron and Canton areas are included - by far the largest urban area in the state. On the southern shore of Lake Erie, Cleveland is located in the Western Reserve in northeastern Ohio on the Cuyahoga River, approximately 60 miles west of the Pennsylvania border.

Cleveland geography

Cleveland is located at 41°28'56" North, 81°40'11" West (41.482301, -81.669718).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 213.5 km² (82.4 mi²). 200.9 km² (77.6 mi²) of it is land and 12.5 km² (4.8 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 5.87% water.

Cleveland history

The city got its name on July 22, 1796 when surveyors of the Connecticut Land Company named an area in Ohio "Cleaveland" after Gen. Moses Cleaveland, the superintendent of the surveying party, a month after white settlers had signed a treaty with local Indians to acquire the land. Cleaveland laid out the plan for the modern Public Square area before returning home. He never visited the area again (The spelling of the city's name was changed to "Cleveland" in 1831 when an "a" was dropped so that the name would fit a newspaper's masthead.)

Though not initially apparent - the city was surrounded by swampland and the harsh winters did not encourage settlement - the location proved providential. The city began to grow rapidly after the completion of the Ohio and Erie Canal in 1832, turning the city into a key link between the Ohio River and the Great Lakes, and particularly once the city railroad links were added. In 1837, the city, then located on the eastern banks of the Cuyahoga River, nearly erupted into open warfare with neighboring Ohio City, Ohio (since annexed) over a bridge connecting the two. As a half-way point for iron ore coming from Minnesota across the Great Lakes and for coal and other raw materials coming by rail from the south, the site flourished. Cleveland also enjoyed its position as the major break-in-bulk center for Ohio.

Cleveland became one of the major manufacturing and population centers of the United States, home of numerous major steel firms. John D. Rockefeller made his fortune there. By 1920, it was the 5th largest city in the country. The city was also one of the centers of the national progressive movement, locally headed by Mayor Tom L. Johnson

The city began to suffer in the post-World War II period, however, as industries began to slump and the city suffered from serious white flight. The city suffered from racial unrest in the 1960s, culminating in the 1968 riots in the Hough neighborhood. Its nadir is often considered to be its default on its loans on December 15, 1978, when it became the first major American city to enter bankruptcy since the Great Depression. It subsequently became clear, however, that the city had been forced into default by an attempt by local banks and the local electric provider to force the city to sell off Cleveland Public Power.

The metropolitan area began to recover thereafter. The recovery in the city has been uneven, however, with the strongest growth in the downtown area near the Gateway complex - consisting of Jacobs Field and Gund Arena - and near the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Many of the residential neighborhoods remain troubled, and the public school system has suffered serious problems. Economic development, retention of young professionals, and capitalizing upon its Lake Erie waterfront are current municipal priorities.

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Cleveland, Ohio".

This city is also known as: Cleveland.

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