Web City Travel Guide   
 ->   ->   -> 

Benevento travel guide — Benevento tourism and travel information

Welcome to Benevento Travel Guide, extensive source of tourist information and travel services offer related to Benevento and Italy. Book cheap hotels, cheap flights and get car rental. We also offer Benevento travel guide books and maps and atlases. Please visit Italy travel guide for more travel and tourism iformation and attractions in the Italy.

our Benevento travel guide — Benevento tourism and travel information content

  1. Benevento travel and tourist guide
  2. Benevento travel services
  3. Benevento travel books

latest Benevento and Italy discussion posts

Join our comprehensive travel discussion board! Share your Benevento and Italy travel experience! Our Ask and Answer forum is geographically divided, the team of editors world-wide is ready to answer your questions.

Benevento travel guide

search in books:  

Search discount Benevento travel books in all books. You can also browse and buy directly Benevento city guide and Italy travel guide books, Benevento maps and Italy maps and atlases.

about Benevento

Benevento is a town and archiepiscopal It is situated on a hill 400 ft. above sea-level at the confluence of the Calore and Sabbato. Estimated population in 1997 was 63,568.

Benevento occupies the site of the ancient Beneventum, originally Maleventum or more correct Maloeis (derived from the Greek word for apple malon. The theory that it meant "the site of bad wind" is no longer considered by historians today. Some older (and more speculative) authors also proposed it could mean "a place of crazy people", as in ancient times it was supposed that mad people had a sort of wind storm inside their head). It is supposed to have been founded in the imperial period by Diomedes.

Benevento sights

Much damage has been done by earthquakes from time to time.

The importance of Benevento in classical times is vouched for by the many remains of antiquity which it possesses, of which the most famous is the triumphal arch erected in honour of Trajan by the senate and people of Rome in 114, with important reliefs relating to its history (E. Petersen in Romische Mitteilungen, 1892, 241; A. von Domaszewzki in Jahreshefte des Osterreich. archeologischen Instituts, ii., 1899, 173).

There are also considerable remains of the ancient theatre, a large cryptoporticus 197 ft. long known as the ruins of Santi Quaranta, and probably an emporium (according to Meomartini, the portion preserved is only a fraction of the whole, which once measured 1791 ft. in length) and an ancient brick arch (called the Arco del Sacramento), while below the town is the Ponte Lebroso, a bridge on the Via Appia over the Sabbato, and along the road to Avellino are remains of thermae.

Many inscriptions and ancient fragments may be granite, and in the Piazza Papiniano the fragments of two Egyptian obelisks erected in 88 in front of the temple of Isis in honour of Domitian. In 1903 the foundations of this temple were discovered close to the Arch of Trajan, and many fragments of fine sculptures in both the Egyptian and the Greco-Roman style belonging to it were found. They had apparently been used as the foundation of a portion of the city wall, reconstructed in 663 under the fear of an attack by Constans II, the Byzantine emperor, the temple having been destroyed under the influence of the bishop, St Barbatus, to provide the necessary material (A. Meomartini, 0. Marucchi and L. Savignoni in Notizie degli Scafi, 1904, 107 sqq.).

The church of Santa Sofia, a circular edifice of about 760, now modernized, the roof of which is supported by six ancient columns, is a relic of the Lombard period; it has a fine cloister of the 12th century constructed in part of fragments of earlier buildings; while the cathedral with its fine arcaded façade and incomplete square campanile (begun in 1279) dates from the 9th century and was rebuilt in 1114.

The bronze doors, adorned with bas-reliefs, are good; they may belong to the beginning of the 13th century.

The interior is in the form of a basilica, the double aisles being borne by ancient columns, and contains ambones and a candelabrum of 1311, the former resting on columns supported by lions, and decorated with reliefs and coloured marble mosaic. The castle at the highest point of the town was erected in the 14th century.

Benevento history

Benevento in antiquity

It was the chief town of the Samnites, who took refuge here after their defeat by the Roman Republic in 314 BC. It appears not to have fallen into the hands of the latter until Pyrrhus's absence in Sicily, but served them as a base of operations in the last campaign against him in 275 BC.

A Latin colony was planted there in 268 BC, and it was then that the name was changed for the sake of superstition (male = bad, bene = good), and probably then that the Via Appia was extended from Capua to Beneventum. It remained in the hands of the Romans during both the Punic and the Social Wars, and was a fortress of importance to them.

The position is strong, being protected by the two rivers mentioned, and the medieval fortifications, which are nearly 2 miles in length, probably follow the ancient line, which was razed to the ground by Totila.

After the Social War it became a municipium and under Augustus a colony.

Being a meeting point of six main roads, it was much visited by travellers.

Duchy of Benevento

Not long after it had been sacked by Totila and its walls razed (545), Benevento became the seat of a powerful Lombard duchy, which soon converted from Arianism to Trinitarian Christianity. The Dukes immediately walled the city once more, and soon began building the church of Santa Sophia, on its polygonal groundplan, one of the most important Lombard architectural complexes.

In the early Middle Ages, Benevento was the most important city of southern Italy. The Dukes of Benevento, part of the loosely-knit Lombard kingdom at first, were essentially independent, in spite of their common roots, similar language, law and religion with the north. For instance, a distinctive liturgical chant, the "Beneventan chant" developed in the Duchy, and was finally entirely superseded by Gregorian chant in the 11th century.

In 758, Desiderius, king of the Lombards, briefly captured Spoleto and Benevento, but with the collapse of the Lombard kingdom in 773, Duke Arechi II was elevated to Prince under the new empire of the Franks, in compensation for having some of his territory transferred to the Papal States. Benevento was acclaimed by a chronicler as a "second Pavia"— Ticinum geminum— after the Lombard capital was lost. Arechi expanded the Roman city, with new walled enclosures extending onto the level ground southwest of the old city, where Arechi razed old constructions for a new princely palace, whose open court is still traceable in the Piano di Corte of the acropolis. Like their Byzantine enemies, the dukes linked the palace compound with a national church, also a "Saint Sophia." Benevento continued to be independent until the Normans of Sicily conquered it in 1053.

Papal Benevento

Benevento passed to the Papacy peacefully when the emperor Henry III ceded it to Leo IX in exchange for the bishopric of Bamberg. Benevento was the cornerstone of the Papacy's temporal powers in southern Italy. The Papacy ruled it by appointed rectors, seated in a magnificent palace, and the principality continued to be a papal possession until 1806, when Napoleon granted it to his minister Talleyrand with the title of Sovereign Prince. Talleyrand was never to settle down and actually rule his new principality; in 1815 Benevento was returned to the papacy. It was united to Italy in 1860.

Manfred of Sicily lost his life in 1266 in battle with Charles of Anjou not far from the town.

Near cities to Benevento

Near webcams to Benevento

back to top

Benevento travel services

choose from our international travel services offer:

cheap flights to Benevento

City Travel Guide is exclusive partner of four main cheap airline tickets and cheap flights online booking systems. We are happy to offer cheap airline tickets Benevento, cheap flights Benevento, also available cheap airline tickets to Italy and to the whole world. Up to date cheap flights Benevento deals also available.

cheap Benevento hotels

City Travel Guide is exclusive partner of main cheap hotels and accommodation online booking systems. We are happy to offer cheap hotels in Benevento, Italy hotel guide and cheap hotels and accommodation in lot of other world-wide destinations. Up to date cheap Benevento hotel deals and discount accommodation tips also available.

cheap Benevento vacations

City Travel Guide is exclusive partner of main cheap vacations online booking systems. We are happy to offer cheap vacations in Benevento, Italy vacation rentals and cheap vacations in lot of other destinations world-wide. Up to date Benevento vacation deals also available.

cheap car rentals in Benevento

City Travel Guide is exclusive partner of main car rentals online booking systems. We are happy to offer car rentals in Benevento, car hire in Italy and cheap car rental in lot other world-wide destinations. Up to date cheap Benevento car hire deals also available.

Benevento travel insurance

City Travel Guide is exclusive partner of Essential Travel Ltd., leading online travel insurance company, we can offer you health travel insurance for Benevento, accident health Benevento travel insurance, all using our online Benevento travel insurance form. We also offer travel insurance for other cities in Italy. This offer is available for UK residents only.

Benevento real estate

City Travel Guide comes with Benevento real estate guide with several tips on home valuation, realtors comparison, secrets on finding the "right" home, loans guide and other helpful real estate advices. Our partners also maintain Benevento property for sale and rental listings, real estate laws and reviews. We will try to help you with buying property in Italy, choosing real estate agents, property finders, relocation help, and information for English speakers wanting to buy real estate in Benevento.

back to top

Benevento travel books

Benevento travel guide books

search travel guide books:  

Benevento maps and atlases

search maps and atlases:  
back to top

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Benevento".

This city is also known as: Benevento.

Copyright © 2004 City Travel Guide Team. All rights reserved. | contact us | sitemap | links | XHTML and CSS