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Bangalore travel guide — Bangalore tourism and travel information

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about Bangalore

Bangalore (ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು in Kannada) is the capital city of Karnataka. It has 4.5 million inhabitants and is the fourth largest city in India (2004 (

Post independence, Bangalore evolved into a manufacturing hub for major heavyweight industries such as Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. and Indian Space Research Organization.More recently, Bangalore has been an important contributor to the growth of Information Technology in India.

The city is also the Training Command for the Indian Air Force.

Bangalore geography

Set in the Deccan Plateau, with an average elevation of 900 m above sea level, Bangalore has pleasant weather, with highs ranging from around 24°C in winter to 35°C during summer, despite being between the tropical latitudes of 12° 39' N and 13° N.

Bangalore history

The Beginning

Bangalore is believed to have been founded in 1537 by Kempe Gowda (c. 1510 - 1570). During the time of the Puranas, this region was known as 'kalyanapuri' or 'Kalyananagara', the 'City Auspicious'. The Mauryan Emperor, Chandragupta Maurya, renounced his throne to become a Jain Monk at Shravanabelagola, a Jain piligrimage center, south west of Bangalore. After the arrival of the British, the city was given the anglicised name of "Bangalore".


The place mentioned as 'Benguluru' in the Ganga record was originally a hamlet, even now called as Halebengaluru near Kodigehalli, not far away from Hebbal. It is said that Kempegowda I, when he built the new capital town in about 1537 called it Bangalore as his mother and wife belonged to the hamlet Bangalore, now called Halebengaluru.

Another version suggests that the name Bangalore derives from Benda Kalu, which means "Boiled Beans". It is said that a humble old lady served a 10th century ruler, King Veeraballa of Vijayanagara who lost his way in the forest. He liked the food so much he named the place Benda Kaluru, meaning "the city of boiled beans", to commemorate the event.

The Rulers

The reign of Bangalore changed hands several times. It was ruled by the kings of the Bijapur dynasty in 1638, and the Maratha ruler Shahji Bhosle took over in 1638. After 50 years of Maratha rule Bangalore was conquered by the Mughals in 1686. The city was leased to the Mysore ruler Chikkadevaraya by the Mughals around 1689 and Chikkadevaraya expanded the Bangalore fort to the south and built the Venkataramana temple in this fort area. This new fort in granite was strengthened by Haider Ali who secured Bangalore as jahgir in 1759. The British under Lord Cornwallis conquered the place in 1799 after defeating Tipu Sultan.


Bangalore was hit by a plague epidemic in 1898. The epidemic took a large toll and many of the temples were built during this time. Many of these temples are called 'Maramma' temples after the plague deity. It is believed that this epidemic helped in the development of Bangalore and improvements in sanitation and health facilities helped in modernizing Bangalore. A plague officer was appointed and the city was divided into four wards.

City Planning

Telephone lines were laid to help coordinate anti-plague operations. Regulations for building new houses with proper facilities of sanitation came into effect. A health officer was appointed in 1898 and the Victoria Hospital was inaugurated in 1900 by Lord Curzon, the then Viceroy. It is also believed that the advent of railways was a causal factor for the epidemic.

The plague of 1898 also led to the expansion of Bangalore. Basavanagudi (named after the Basaveshwara Temple or the Bull Temple in the Sunkenahalli village) and Malleshwaram (named after the Kadu Malleshwara Temple in the old Mallapura village) were created during this time. Kalasipalyam (near the old fort) and Gandhinagar were created between 1921-1931. Kumara Park came into existence in 1947 and Jayanagar in 1948.

The former Cantonment, named as Civil and Military Station after 1881 had roads named according to military conventions. Thus, there was Artillery Rd., Brigade Rd., Infantry Rd., Cavalry Rd., etc. The South Parade (presently Mahatma Gandhi Road) was to the south of the Parade Ground. The cantonment area was administered by a Resident and his quarters was called the Residency and hence the Residency Road. In around 1883, three extensions were added to the Municipal area of the Cantonment, namely, Richmond Town, followed by Benson Town and Cleveland Town.

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Bangalore".

This city is also known as: Bangalore.

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