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Atibaia travel guide — Atibaia tourism and travel information

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about Atibaia

Atibaia is a Brazilian city located in the state of São Paulo, Brazil.

Its strawberry crops are one of the most well-known characteristics of the place. These crops are cultivated mainly by Japanese descendants, since the city was a common Japanese immigrant center.

Atibaia geography

Atibaia is located 65km from the capital of the state São Paulo. It is also located 65km from Campinas and 80km from São José dos Campos, two major urban centres of the region.

The city is located on a strategic highway crossing: the junction of Rodovia D. Pedro I and Rodovia Fernão Dias, having direct access to important cities, such as São Paulo, Belo Horizonte, Campinas and Jacareí.

Atibaia has 491 square kilometers of area, 40% of this area is urbanized. The average altitude is 800 meters.

Atibaia history

In 1665, a man called Jerônimo de Camargo and his expedition found a hill near a river named Tubaia (later called Atibaia River). Jerônimo de Camargo was a "bandeirante explorer". Their main objective was to search the interior lands of Brazil for rich mineral resources, such as gold, silver and emeralds. The richest lands, in matter of minerals, were the lands of which is now called state of Minas Gerais.

Jerônimo de Camargo, once he saw the river Tubaia, ordered his men to buld a chapel there. The are was already occupied by a priest called Mateus Nunes da Siqueira, that had contact with native indians, from the tribe of Guarulhos.

Jerônimo then built a farm at that place, around the month June of 1665. Near this farm, the priest Mateus, with the help of the natives, built a village. The village was called Atibaia.

Atibaia was a very important settlement at that time, because it was in the way of the expeditions (Bandeiras) that were going to Minas Gerais, in the north. São Paulo, probably the second most important city of Brazil at that time, was in the south of Atibaia, and the mining region was in the north, locating Atibaia in the middle way.

As time passed, Atibaia became very important. Even the king of Portugal, D. João VI, visited the small town of Atibaia and slept here for a night time. Many famous artists went to Atibaia, such as Benedito Calixto, a famous painter, whose 2 paintings are still there in the city. Santos Dumont, a famous brazilian aviation pioneer, also visited Atibaia.

In April of 1864, the town Atibaia was officially called a city, due to the increased size of the population.

Nowadays there's an important avenue that cross the city named Jerônimo de Camargo, named after the famous founder of Atibaia.

Name Origin

The name is derivated from an indigenous language called Tupi, and has a meaning of "healthy water river". Its name has changed through the time: since from the primitive Tupi word Tybaia, to Thibaia, Atubaia, Thibaya, and finally the actual name: Atibaia.

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Atibaia".

This city is also known as: Atibaia.

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